The mouse in zoology refers to a small animal of the class of mammals, and the order of rodents.
It is the best known and most widespread rodent in the world. It is active at twilight and at night, omnivorous, begins to seek his food after dark. He lives in small “male dominated” family groups. Sometimes males give terrible battles to secure their position in the group hierarchy.
Normally, the house mouse is found in fields, lawns and woodlands, in nests inside buildings and generally areas that are dark to protect from the elements and near a readily available food source.
Curious as to the nature, the house mouse will pass the day wandering in its territory, exploring. Generally prefers to feed on seeds and nuts in the diet, but is able to eat almost anything available. When the outside temperatures begin to drop, the mice begin a search for a warmer place to live. Often attracted by the smell of food and the warmth of our home, using any opening, such as utility lines, pipe openings and gaps under the doors to gain entry.
They live about two and a half years and are very fertile: They mate throughout the year and the female lays 4-8 times a year, from 7-10 youngs each. The mouse can have their own small as they arrive at the age of two months. Mice have many enemies, like the cat, snakes and owls that limit their populations. Certainly the greatest enemy is the man who kills either directly (rodenticides, Foley) or indirectly (pesticides, etc.).
Human health effects
The different kinds of mice and rats are carriers of pathogens such as:
- Typhoid fever (Rickettsia mooseri)
- Trichinosis (Trichinella spiralis)
- Salmonellosis (Salm. typhimurium)
- Leptospirosis ή νόσος του Weil
Organisms enter the human body through the mucosal or wounds or abrasions of the skin and by biting and mouse urine.