The housefly Musca domestica Linnaeus is an insect of the order Diptera
and classified in the family Muscidae. In Europe the genus Musca represented by twelve species. In Greece we meet outside the house fly species like Musca autumnalis, Musca larvipara, Musca osiris, Musca tempestiva. In the Cyclades, the Dodecanese and Cyprus we meet Musca crassirostris and Cyprus we meet Musca sorbens, but not endemic. The type Musca domestica represented in Europe in two subspecies, in Greece the housefly is Musca domestica domestica.The word domestica is the scientific name in Latin household.
The adult insect is used to feed the trunk. Solid foods sprayed with saliva to dissolve and then gets sucked from the trunk. Despite that is houseflies, these insects can fly a few miles from the birthplace. They are active only during the day and in the evening rest in the corners of rooms or “stuck” on ceilings. Also scientists consider it as the first type of zombie in the world.
Can be reproduced with extreme ease both because of its ability to deposit eggs inside any organic material that decomposes, and thanks to the speed with which the larvae grow and become adults in their turn capable of reproduce:about 10 days. The life under optimal nutritional and environmental conditions is 8-10 days during which can be pinned to 1000 eggs (150-200 per time every 3-4 days).
Impact on humans
In colder climates, the flies survive only if they live with humans. It is capable of carrying over 100 pathogens that are responsible for typhus, cholera, salmonella, shigellosis, coal, eye infections and endoparasitic worms.In poorer countries under poor sanitary conditions, the flies are among the leading carriers of diseases. Certain strains have developed resistance to common insecticides.
Due to the large amount of food that gets daily, leaving droppings almost continuously and it is one of the factors that makes this insect vector of harmful pathogens and very dangerous.