Ants are social insects of the family Formicidae and with wasps and bees,
constitute the Hymenoptera. There are an estimated 22,000 species of which have registered more than 12,500. Are distinguished easily from the modular antennas and the characteristic structure of the body as the parts are joined with small joints and the waist is very thin.
Many ants make large nests, while other species are nomadic and do not build permanent houses. Ants make or burrows, or build upon the trees.The anthills may be located on the ground, under rocks, under fallen trees or portions therein, intracavity logs or even acorns.The materials used for construction include soil and materials derived from plants. Ants carefully choose the location of the nest and they leave the nest quickly in the first sign of danger. Ants kind Temnothorax albipennis avoid locations where there are dead ants, as these may indicate the presence of parasites or diseases.
Life ant starts from an egg. If the egg is fertilized, the ant will be female born otherwise it will be male. Ants are grown in complete transformation with the larvae pass through the pupal stage prior to emerge as adults. The larva remains almost stationary and the workers feed and care. Also on caterpillars sometimes given solid food such as trophic eggs (eggs that were born to be fed), parts of prey and berries carried by experienced workers. In some species the larvae are transferred directly onto the prey to feed.
Impact on humans
Control of ants can be difficult, but there are some things you should know about their behavior after their proliferation can be a major headache for you and your home:
- Entrance: Ants can enter through even the tiniest cracks, seeking water and sweet or fat foods in cupboards and kitchen counters.
- Paths:Ants leave an invisible chemical trail which contains pheromones that attract the others to follow once they locate the food source.
- positions nest: They can make the nest almost anywhere in and around your home, in lawns, walls, stumps, even under foundations. Here colonize leaving 300,000 to 500,000, which is capable of transferring very quickly when threatened. A colony can have a long life as ants workers live seven years and the queen may live up to 15 years.